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NEUROANATOMIA - ASPECTOS GERAIS - (IMAGENS - PARTE V)




Negative States


Bereavement Decreased lymphocyte proliferation.
Pessimistic states Decreased lymphocyte reactivity; decreased T-cell effectiveness.
Academic stress Decreased NK cell activity; decreased T-cells; decrease in certain immune chemicals; increased susceptibility to herpes virus; decreased immunoglobulin A; increased blood levels of Epstein-Barr virus.
Depression Decreased T-cells; decreased number and function of lymphocytes; decreased NK cells.
Loneliness Decreased NK (Natural Killer Cell) activity.
Chronic stress Decreased T-cells; decreased NK cells; decreased B-cells; increased blood levels of Epstein-Barr virus.
Divorce/separation/poor marital quality Decreased lymphocyte function; increased blood levels of Epstein-Barr virus; decreased T-cell effectiveness.
Expressed need for power and control Decreased NK activity; decreased lymphocytes.
Negative behavior during discussions of marital problems Decreased NK activity; decreased macrophages; increased blood levels of Epstein-Barr virus; increase in certain T-cells; decreased immunity by mitogen tests.


Satisfying personal relationships and social support. Increased lymphocyte function; increased NK activity; increased immunity by mitogen tests; increased immune response to hepatitis B vaccine.
Personal sharing and disclosure of traumatic experiences Increased lymphocyte response.
Humor and laughter Increased Immunoglobulin A; increased lymphocyte count and activity.
Hypnosis and relaxation techniques. Increased T-cell effectiveness; increased NK cell activity; decreased blood levels of stress hormones; decreased blood levels of herpes virus.
Physical exertion and aerobic exercise Increased number of white blood cells; increase in endorphins; increase in certain immune chemicals; increased NK cell number and activity; increased T-cells; decreased T-cell effectiveness; decreased lymphocyte function.
Group intervention and support Increased NK cell number and activity; increased number of lymphocytes; decrease in T-helper cells.
Lesões do SNC




Lesões do SNP








“O homem deve saber que de nenhum outro lugar, mas do encéfalo, vem a alegria, o prazer, o riso e a diversão, o pesar, o ressentimento, o desânimo e a lamentação. E por isso, de uma maneira especial, adquirimos sabedoria e conhecimento, e enxergamos e ouvimos e sabemos o que é justo e injusto, o que é bom e o que é ruim, o que é doce e o que é amargo... E pelo mesmo órgão tornamo-nos loucos e delirantes, e medos e terrores nos assombram... Todas estas coisas suportamos do encéfalo quando não esta sadio... Neste sentido sou da opinião de que o encéfalo exerce o maior poder sobre o homem”.

Hipócrates, Acerca das Doenças Sagradas (Século IX A.C.).
Veja também:


• Neuroanatomia - Aspéctos Gerais - (Imagens - Parte I)
• Neuroanatomia - Aspéctos Gerais - (Imagens - Parte II)
• Neuroanatomia - Aspéctos Gerais - (Imagens - Parte III)
• Neuroanatomia - Aspéctos Gerais - (Imagens - Parte IV)